Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Steve Flowers: Inside the Statehouse - The 1964 Goldwater landslide was the beginning of Republican dominance of the South

  Our primary runoffs have been postponed until July 14, 2020. It was a wise and prudent decision by Secretary of State John Merrill and Gov. Kay Ivey. Most voters are older, and the State of Alabama was asking them to come out and vote and at the same time stay home.

  The main event will be the GOP runoff for the U.S. Senate. The two combatants - Jeff Sessions and Tommy Tuberville - will now square off in the middle of a hot Alabama summer. The winner will be heavily favored to go to Washington. We are a very reliably Republican state, especially in a presidential election year.

  Many of you have asked, “When did Alabama become a one-party Republican state?” Well, it all began in the presidential election year of 1964. The 1964 election was the turning point when the Deep South states of Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Louisiana, and South Carolina voted for Barry Goldwater and never looked back.  It was the race issue that won southerners over for Goldwater. The Republican Party captured the race issue that year and has never let go of it.

  The South, which was known as the “Solid South” for more than six decades because it was solidly Democrat, is today known as the “Solid South” because we are solidly Republican. Presidential candidates ignore us during the campaign because it is a foregone conclusion that we will vote Republican, just as presidential candidates ignored us for the first 60 years of the 20th Century because it was a foregone conclusion that we were going to vote Democrat.

  George Wallace had ridden the race issue into the governor’s office in 1962. It had reached a fever pitch in 1964. Democrat President Lyndon Johnson had passed sweeping civil rights legislation, which many white southerners detested.  

  The only non-southern senator to oppose the civil rights legislation was Republican Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona. When the Republican Party met at the old Cow Palace in San Francisco, they nominated Goldwater as their 1964 presidential candidate. Johnson annihilated him nationally in the general election, but Goldwater won the South in a landslide.  

  Before that fall day in November of 1964, there was no Republican Party in Alabama. There were no Republican officeholders. There was no Republican primary. Republicans chose their candidates in backroom conventions. Except for a few Lincoln Republicans in the hill counties, it was hard getting a white Alabamian even to admit they were Republican.

  That all changed in 1964. Goldwater and the Republicans became identified with segregation and white Southern voters fled the Democratic Party en masse.  As the fall election of 1964 approached, the talk in the country stores around Alabama was that a good many good ole boys were going to vote straight Republican even if their daddies did turn over in their graves. Enterprising local bottling companies got into the debate and filled up drink boxes in the country stores labeled "Johnson Juice" and "Gold Water".  The Gold Water was outselling the Johnson Juice 3-to-1.

  Alabamians not only voted for Barry Goldwater but also pulled the straight Republican lever out of anger towards Lyndon Johnson’s civil rights agenda. Most of Alabama’s eight-member Congressional delegation, with more than 100 years of seniority, was wiped out by straight-ticket Republican voting on that November 1964 day.

  Earlier that year, Lyndon B. Johnson made a profound statement. As he signed the civil rights bill he had pushed through Congress, he looked over at the great Southern lion, Richard Russell of Georgia, and as Senator Russell glared at Johnson with his steel stare, Lyndon said, “I just signed the South over to the Republican Party for the next 60 years.” Johnson’s words were prophetic.

  Folks, beginning with the 1964 election, there have been 17 presidential elections counting this year. If you assume that Donald Trump carries our state in November, and that is a safe assumption, Alabama has voted for the Republican nominee 16 out of 17 elections over the past 56 years. Jimmy Carter, in 1976, was the only interloper for the Democrats.

  The U.S. Senate seat up this year was first won by a Republican in 1996. That Republican was Jeff Sessions.  

  About the author: Steve Flowers is Alabama’s leading political columnist. His weekly column appears in over 60 Alabama newspapers. He served 16 years in the state legislature. Steve may be reached at He can also be found on Facebook and Twitter.

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